There are numerous kinds of wood joints to pick from when developing furnishings. Naturally some are simpler than others and which one you decide to utilize depends upon a couple things:
What tools you own
Your experience level
Your convenience level with your tools
Application of the joinery method
A few of the most typical kinds of wood joints are:
Dadoes and grooves
Mortise and Tenon
Pocket hole joinery
A butt joint is the easiest joint to make since there is no machining to do besides cutting your boards to length. Just butt your joints together and either screw or nail them together. A butt joint may be the easiest joint to make, nevertheless it is likewise the weakest joint you can make.
Butt joints are used a lot in building. When you develop a wall, you simply butt your boards to your leading and bottom plate and nail them in place. Trim work likewise uses a great deal of butt joints.
I typically don’t use butt joints when developing furnishings due to the fact that it is just as easy to enhance any joint with a quick biscuit joint or a pocket hole. They can be used if you don’t know how to do any other joinery methods, however they will not last as long. I would suggest a minimum of a pocket hole jig or a biscuit joiner.
Dadoes and Grooves
Dadoes and grooves are generally simply a slot cut in wood to match the density of the wood to be inserted into the dado or groove. Dadoes run across the grain and grooves keep up the grain. They are basically the exact same setup and the outcomes are the same. If you were utilizing 3/4 inch plywood and you wanted to make a cabinet, you would have 3/4 inch dadoes and grooves cut in the plywood for joining them together and they make alignment go much easier because there is nowhere for the plywood to go other than into the dado or groove.
They are used mainly in case work like cabinets and entertainment centers. They assist with positioning and joint strength of joint.
Dadoes and grooves can be made from a variety of tools:
Dado blade in a table saw. A dado blade is numerous saw blades assembled to comprise whatever size is required for your task.
A router either installed in a router table or you can secure a straight edge to your work piece.
A radial arm saw can be utilized likewise to make dadoes and grooves; nevertheless you are restricted in the width that you can make.
Dovetail joints are a traditional type of wood joint. They can be made by hand or with a router and a dovetail jig. There are 2 parts to a dovetail joint and they are the pins and the tails. In my viewpoint, dovetail joints are by far the best looking joinery technique there is.
Through dovetails is when you can see the dovetail from 2 sides. They are traditionally cut by hand, nevertheless there are dovetail jigs that allow you to make them with a router.
Half blind dovetails are utilized mostly in making drawers. They are only seen from the side. They allow the drawer to be opened countless times without pulling the front loose from the sides.
Moving dovetails are used in knock down furniture which indicates they can be taken apart and moved easily. Likewise they are used in bookcases for the shelves
Mortise and tenon
Mortise and tenons are one of the oldest and strongest wood joints there are. Mortise and tenons are made when you cut a slot into a piece of wood that matches a tenon on another piece of wood. When you make a mortise and tenon joint, constantly make the mortise initially and then fit the tenon to the mortise. I normally cut the tenon a little extra-large and then shave it down to get a snug fit.
The mortises can be cut a variety of methods:
Hammer and sculpt (old-fashioned).
Drill press with a drill bit and after that cleaned up with a chisel.
Drill press with a mortising accessory.
Plunge router with a straight bit.
The tenons can be cut a number of ways likewise:.
table saw with a single blade or a dado blade.
I mainly use mortise and tenons when developing tables. I use them to attach the aprons to the legs. There are unlimited methods which you might use mortise and tenon joints.
Pocket hole joinery.
Pocket hole joinery is when you use a gone back drill bit to cut a slot at an angle in a piece of wood to accept a pocket hole screw. You must utilize a pocket hole jig clamped to the wood where you would like your pocket hole. Pocket holes are made extremely quick and are a really strong joint. I use them for a lot of applications and mainly utilize them when making face frames for cabinets. They can be put nearly anywhere and in my viewpoint needs to be used in every store. You can buy a kit with whatever you need and Kreg is the industry standard for pocket holes.
Biscuit joinery is when you cut a slot in a piece of wood with a biscuit joiner and insert a biscuit into the slot and secure the two pieces of wood together. When the biscuit soaks up the glue, it swells up and makes an incredibly strong joint. You will need a biscuit joiner to make biscuit joints. Biscuits are terrific for enhancing miter joints. I use biscuits for attaching face frames to cabinets. They work excellent and there are no fasteners to be seen which the sign of an excellent woodworker is.
There are 3 sizes of biscuits:.
The # 20 biscuits is the most typical one utilized. The smaller two are used when the wood is small or thin. The slot size that is cut is the same for all 3 sizes, only the depth of the slot is modified.